Development and NGO Management


Brief Scenario

  • The major areas in social development include poverty reduction, employment generation, social integration based on the enhancement and protection of human rights, gender equality, healthcare, childcare and education.
  • NGOs have grown tremendously in numbers as well as in activities during the last 2-3 decades all over the world.  There are approximately 4 million voluntary organizations in the world.
  • Normally it is believed that NGOs are charitable or non-profit organizations. Today, we also see some NGOs with commercial motive.
  • At global level, several UN bodies such as International Labor Organization (ILO). United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF), The United Development Program (UNDP) etc are actively contributing to the growth of social development.
  • In India, there are about 10 lakh NGOs including Self Help Groups (SHGs), associations and federations of members from grassroot communities.

PLACON Observations

  • The global slowdown and increased risks to the employment situation in developing countries will imply the following.

(a)    A much slower pace of poverty reduction.

(b)   A narrowing of fiscal space for investments in education, health, basic sanitation and other critical areas needed for accelerating the progress towards achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).

  • International campaigning groups are creating greater impact on dialog between governments and other policy-making bodies; and community at large.
  • There is need for an appropriate mindset and attitudes among public administration officials; particularly at district level and block/ taluka levels.
  • Small and vulnerable people will face livelihood problems; and will be wiped off the economic system. This will also aggravate the problem of increasing gap between rich and poor.
  • In the new Indian Companies Act, registered companies with a net profit above certain level have to mandatorily spend a fixed percentage of their profit for social development projects as a part of their CSR initiative. This provision of law will have significant impact on social development. This also represents a very good opportunity for NGOs to integrate their strengths with Indian corporates.
  • The International community, especially several governments recognize valuable role of non-government organizations (NGOs). This implies that NGOs should build their capacities in order to execute projects centering around social development in informal sector.
  • Most of the funding support from donor countries is directly received by leading NGOs, trusts and non-profit organizations. This provides a great scope for NGO to build their capacities in proposal-making, DPRs and other documentation.
  • In emerging trend of globalization, NGOs have to produce and market their product/ services like commercial organizations. They have to face competition from producers from commercial set-up.
  • PLACON feels that the growing NGOs require professional management systems for efficient implementation of development projects.
  • It is learnt that the issue of self-sustainability of the organizations of poor producers and NGOs is becoming a greater challenge day by day.
  • PLACON feels that project implementation provides a greater scope for technology applications but recognition of socio-cultural aspects and management of political aspirations call for equal amount of attention.
  • PLACON has learnt that there is need for integrated institutional framework with the common objective of social development, e.g., banks, insurance companies, well-equipped schools, health care centers, etc.
  • It is observed that resolving critical issues in Human Resource Management is a big challenge for NGOs, e.g., salary structure, growth opportunities for staff, building and sustaining motivation among volunteers, performance measurement & evaluation.
  • There is a need to develop a flexible organization structure for multi-locational projects and community support.
  • PLACON has observed the need for NGOs to develop and maintain streamlined operating systems with a focus on efficient record keeping, quality management, reporting & evaluation and financial accounting.

PLACON Competency

  • Rare combination of capabilities in social development and latest management concepts & techniques.
  • PLACON offers gamut of services ranging from (1) Grassroot level issues to global issues; (2) concept development to implementation support (3) project proposal to project monitoring & impact assessment (4) Institutional policy issues to regional/national policy issues.
  • The PLACON experience in this sector covers the following nature of assignments.
    • Village Development Planning
    • Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA)
    • Grassroot Resource Mobilization
    • Intervention Strategies
    • Capacity Assessment and development
    • Need Assessment
    • Proposal and Project Design
    • Implementation Strategies
    • Institutional Assessment
    • Regional Planning for Poverty Reduction; for Farmers, Women, Children and General
    • NGO-Private Sector Partnership
    • Impact Assessment Studies
    • Institutional Linkages
    • Funds Management
    • Cost Control System
    • Budgetary Control System
    • Program Performance and Budgeting System (PPBS)
    • Management Information System (MIS)
    • Performance Management and Evaluation System (PES)
    • Development of poor people’s micro enterprises
    • Micro Finance Need Estimation, Sourcing and Monitoring Systems
    • Social Cost Benefit Analysis
    • Preparation of  Business Plans

Download a detailed description of the Sector Scenario, Challenges & Opportunities, PLACON Experience and an Illustrative Case Experience (pdf, 651kb)